PD*27571887

Science confirms it: drinking alcohol makes people want to have unsafe sex.

Drunkenness and unwise choices have always gone hand-in-hand, but scientists in Canada wanted to know which came first — the drinking or the propensity for chancy behavior.

They analyzed the results of 12 experiments in which people were randomly assigned to drink or not to drink and then probed about their willingness to have sex without a condom. The more people drank, the researchers found, the worse their decisions — an increase in blood alcohol level of 0.1 mg/mL led to a 5% increase in the likelihood of unprotected sex. The legal blood alcohol limit in the U.S. is 0.8 mg/mL.

The authors’ larger goal was to figure out how big a role drinking may play in risky sex that leads to HIV infection. Although unsafe sex is a well-known risk factor for HIV, and despite safe-sex campaigns for the prevention of HIV/AIDS, rates of infection haven’t budged in high-income countries over the past decade, the authors noted.

"Drinking has a causal effect on the likelihood to engage in unsafe sex, and thus should be included as a major factor in preventive efforts for HIV," said principal investigator Juergen Rehm of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, in a statement. "This result also helps explain why people at risk often show this behavior despite better knowledge: alcohol is influencing their decision processes."

The study appears in the journal Addiction.

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像是在一个温泉浴里,

温度很温暖,

感觉很舒服。

泡着,泡着,就不想起来了!

等到想站起来时,

才发现,已经起不来了。

醒觉时,看见原来那是罪恶的温泉。

给你如沐春风的温暖,

给你万千宠爱在一身的错觉。

然而,

却是致命的瘾之泉。

在像与不像之间的对与错里,

需要真理来做放大镜。

人的眼睛太有色,

人的心太不公正,

所量出来的斤两也不会准确。

在无意之中已占据你心、入侵你生命。

引你步向死亡、损失;

生命破产、远离真理。

使你再也不能没有她,

她的名字叫做 瘾。

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Twitter has been taking hits on just about all fronts for its first real commercial, which shows one of its software engineers, Danny Hertz,sitting in a New York lunchroom when he gets a tweet about last week’s earthquake—just before the room starts shaking and he gets pelted (harmlessly) by debris falling from all directions. He appears blissfully unconcerned as he continues reading the Shit My Dad Saysbook and prominently holding a Twitter mug. The consensus is that the spot is boring, self-absorbed, insensitive and rewrites history to portray the quake as worse than it was. I think MSNBC nails it: "The tardiness of this topic seems counterproductive to the message of Twitter’s immediacy it’s attempting to send." By taking the in-joke/doofus-humor approach, Twitter sells itself short and undermines its relevance to the daily lives of millions of tweeters worldwide. Sure, Twitter can be a geeky time waster, but it’s also sparked a seismic shift in the way people communicate and played a role on the global stage. It really can shake things up, and could use some advertising to match.

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today I going to talk about the 12 Surprising Causes of Depression!

Why am I depressed?

Caroline Murray said:

There are many well-known depression triggers: Trauma, grief, financial troubles, and unemployment are just a few.
But if you are depressed and none of these apply to you, it can be hard to pinpoint a specific cause.
In truth, there may not be a concrete reason for your depression. But here are some little-known causes to consider.

 

  • Summer weather

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is most commonly associated with winter blues, and it afflicts about 5% of Americans.
But for less than 1% of those people, this form of depression strikes in the summer. Warm weather depression arises when the body experiences a “delay adjusting to new seasons,” says Alfred Lewy, MD, professor of psychiatry at Oregon Health and Science University, in Portland.
Instead of waking and enjoying dawn, the body has a hard time adjusting, he says, which could be due to imbalances in brain chemistry and the hormone melatonin.

 

  • Smoking

Smoking has long been linked with depression, though it’s a chicken-or-egg scenario: People who are depression-prone may be more likely to take up the habit.
However, nicotine is known to affect neurotransmitter activity in the brain, resulting in higher levels of dopamine and serotonin (which is also the mechanism of action for antidepressant drugs).
This may explain the addictive nature of the drug, and the mood swings that come with withdrawal, as well as why depression is associated with smoking cessation. Avoiding cigarettes—and staying smoke free—could help balance your brain chemicals.

 

  • Thyroid disease

When the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, it’s known as hypothyroidism, and depression is one of its symptoms. This hormone is multifunctional, but one of its main tasks is to act as a neurotransmitter and regulate serotonin levels. If you experience new depression symptoms—particularly along with cold sensitivity, constipation, and fatigue—a thyroid test couldn’t hurt. Hypothyroidism is treatable with medication.

 

  • Poor sleep habits

It’s no surprise that sleep deprivation can lead to irritability, but it could also increase the risk of depression.
A 2007 study found that when healthy participants were deprived of sleep, they had greater brain activity after viewing upsetting images than their well-rested counterparts, which is similar to the reaction that depressed patients have, noted one of the study authors.
“If you don’t sleep, you don’t have time to replenish [brain cells], the brain stops functioning well, and one of the many factors that could lead to is depression,” says Matthew Edlund, MD, director of the Center for Circadian Medicine, in Sarasota, Fla., and author of The Power of Rest.

 

  • Facebook overload

Spending too much time in chat rooms and on social-networking sites? A number of studies now suggest that this can be associated with depression, particularly in teens and preteens. Internet addicts may struggle with real-life human interaction and a lack of companionship, and they may have an unrealistic view of the world. Some experts even call it “Facebook depression.”
In a 2010 study, researchers found that about 1.2% of people ages 16 to 51 spent an inordinate amount of time online, and that they had a higher rate of moderate to severe depression. However, the researchers noted that it is not clear if Internet overuse leads to depression or if depressed people are more likely to use the Internet.

 

  • End of a TV show or movie

When something important comes to an end, like a TV show, movie, or a big home renovation, it can trigger depression in some people. In 2009, some Avatar fans reported feeling depressed and even suicidal because the movie’s fictional world wasn’t real. There was a similar reaction to the final installments of the Harry Potter movies.
“People experience distress when they’re watching primarily for companionship,” said Emily Moyer-Gusé, PhD, assistant professor of communication at Ohio State University, in Columbus. WithAvatar, Moyer-Gusé suspects people were “swept up in a narrative forgetting about real life and [their] own problems.”

 

  • Where you live

You can endlessly debate whether city or country life is better. But research has found that people living in urban settings do have a 39% higher risk of mood disorders than those in rural regions. A 2011 study in the journal Nature offers an explanation for this trend: City dwellers have more activity in the part of the brain that regulates stress. And higher levels of stress could lead to psychotic disorders.
Depression rates also vary by country and state.
Some states have higher rates of depression and affluent nations having higher rates than low-income nations. Even altitude may play a role, with suicide risk going up with altitude.

 

  • Too many choices

The sheer number of options available—whether it’s face cream, breakfast cereal, or appliances—can be overwhelming. That’s not a problem for shoppers who pick the first thing that meets their needs, according to some psychologists. However, some people respond to choice overload by maximizing, or exhaustively reviewing their options in the search for the very best item. Research suggests that this coping style is linked to perfectionism and depression.

 

  • Lack of fish in the diet

Low intake of omega-3 fatty acids, found in salmon and vegetable oils, may be associated with a greater risk of depression. A 2004 Finnish study found an association between eating less fish and depression in women, but not in men. These fatty acids regulate neurotransmitters like serotonin, which could explain the link. Fish oil supplements may work too; at least one study found they helped depression in people with bipolar disorder.

 

  • Poor sibling relationships

Although unhappy relationships with anyone can cause depression, a 2007 study in the American Journal of Psychiatry found that men who didn’t get along with their siblings before age 20 were more likely to be depressed later in life than those who did. Although it’s not clear what’s so significant about sibling relationships (the same wasn’t true for relationships with parents), researchers suggest that they could help children develop the ability to relate with peers and socialize. Regardless of the reason, too much squabbling is associated with a greater risk of developing depression before age 50.

  • Birth control pills

Like any medication, the Pill can have side effects. Oral contraceptives contain a synthetic version of progesterone, which studies suggest can lead to depression in some women. The reason is still unknown, says Hilda Hutcherson, MD, clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University, in New York. “It doesn’t happen to everyone, but if women have a history of depression or are prone to depression, they have an increased chance of experiencing depression symptoms while taking birth control pills,” Dr. Hutcherson says. “Some women just can’t take the Pill; that’s when we start looking into alternative contraception, like a diaphragm, which doesn’t contain hormones.”

  • Rx medications

Depression is a side effect of many medications. For example, Accutane and its generic version (isotretinoin) are prescribed to clear up severe acne, but depression and suicidal thoughts are a potential risk for some people. Depression is a possible side effect for anxiety and insomnia drugs, including Valium and Xanax; Lopressor, prescribed to treat high blood pressure; cholesterol-lowering drugs including Lipitor; and Premarin for menopausal symptoms. Read the potential side effects when you take a new medication, and always check with your doctor to see if you might be at risk.

 

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bape-bathing-ape-medicom-toy-100-bearbrick

Medicom Toy presents one of the more minimal Bearbricks we’ve seen in sometime, produced exclusively for Japanese heavyweight A Bathing Ape. Sporting a solid white canvas, the iconic toy is devoid of any additional colors, patterns or gimmicks, solely rocking a classic “A Bathing Ape” logo like a champ. A release is set for August 6, 2011, with availability through A Bathing Ape.

Should get 1? Definitely… XD

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When he heard that Herod king of the Jews had ordered boys in Syria under the age of two years to be put to death and that the king’s son was among those killed, he said: "I’d rather be Herod’s pig than Herod’s son."

– Macrob. Sat. 2.4.11

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A certain Vettius had ploughed up a memorial to his father, whereupon Augustus remarked: "This is indeed cultivating your father’s memory."

– Macrob. Sat. 2.4.10

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Thursday – Sunday: 26th -29th May 2011: 11am – 8pm


Zara, Massimo Dutti, Pull & Bear Warehouse Clearance

@ The Atria Shopping Centre, 2nd Floor, Block A, Jalan SS22/23, Damansara Jaya, 47400 Petaling Jaya (MY)

rshwarehouse_std

Exclusively happening on this weekend only, get your hands on discounted items from Zara, Massimo Dutti and Pull & Bear!

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Once, Augustus was approached by Herennius, a young man of bad character who had committed an offense and was dismissed from the army. The officer asked Augustus, "How will I explain this to my father?" Augustus replied, "Tell your father that you didn’t find me to your liking."

– Quint. Inst. 6.3.64, Macrob. Sat. 2.4.6

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auggy twitt

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